More than 80 per cent of the people who work in the oil and gas industry are employed in marine and fishing services, according to the National Institute of Marine Science.
More than half of those employed in the industry are on marine vessels.
The average hourly wage for those working in marine fishing is $22.52, according a survey conducted by the Institute of Public Affairs.
But the number of jobs has been falling.
In the latest Federal Budget, the Government announced a raft of measures to boost employment.
The Government said it would expand the number and number of job opportunities in marine industries and create a new marine employment strategy.
The Department of Employment said more than $2.1 billion would be invested in marine employment, with an extra $500 million in support to businesses and their workers.
A further $500m would be directed towards job opportunities for workers in marine transportation and logistics.
“A further $1.5 billion is directed towards improving the quality of marine services,” the Department of Industry and the Arts said in a statement.
The Government has also announced a number of new measures to help attract and retain talented people into the marine sector.
A new apprenticeship scheme is being created, with a focus on women and disadvantaged workers.
“We will ensure that apprenticeships are accessible and accessible to people with the skills and knowledge required to create a more diversified economy,” the Minister for Industry, Innovation and Science, David Littleproud, said.
A new $200 million fund to provide a range of support to young Australians is also to be set up, with the aim of helping them achieve higher levels of employment.
But many young people are also being left out of the marine economy.
Young people are often told they don’t need to go to university to get a job in the energy and mining sectors, but that’s not the case, said Dr Andrew McBride from the Centre for Employment and Training.
Dr McBride said young people were often not aware of the range of skills they need to gain employment in the industries they are looking to enter.
“In the past year, I’ve had many young Australians tell me they’re really excited about getting into the energy sector and not knowing about the range that they need in order to gain a good job,” he said.
“They’re being told that it’s not that difficult.
They’re not really getting the opportunities that they want.”
What you need to know about marine trading and shipping: